Wood: a Raw Material

Wood is an excellent raw material and a natural store of CO2.

How forests stores CO2 and produce the raw materials of tomorrow

Wood contains CO2 and there is a whole branch of industry that makes sure that we have direct local access to environmentally friendly wood, which can be used in a variety of different ways. Children and forestry businesses plant trees, take care of forests and harvest wood. Manufacturing companies produce products made from wood, from furniture to houses, right through to paper and textiles.

Energy and Transport Savings

Unlike other raw materials, the manufacturing and haulage of wood has a low carbon footprint. In contrast to mines, furnaces and incineration plants, the energy requirements are very minimal. A large part of the energy needed is obtained from wood by-products, whereby the use of fossil fuels is avoided. The transportation routes are short. Normally, wood is collected from saw mills and manufacturing companies within a maximum 300km radius. Truck transportation is only possible within a 150 kilometre radius. When the wood is further away than that, it is transported by rail or ship, which is environmentally friendly.


Forests and Wood reduce CO2 emissions

Only a small amount of the CO2 from forests is released through the forest and timber industry manufacturing processes. On the bottom line the industry offers products that reduce CO2 emissions. At the same time they ensure local value added and employment. The forest and wood industries alone provide approximately 300,000 people in Austria with an income. With a production value of 12 billion euro, these industries generate 4% of the Austrian GDP (gross domestic product).

A thriving timber industry creates prosperity and employment and reduces CO2 levels, all the while reducing our carbon footprint

(Source: Österreichs Wald, Bundesforschungszentrum für Wald, 2012)